English First Paper
[According to the Syllabus of 2020]
[N.B. Answer all the questions. Figures in the margin indicate full marks]
Part A-Reading Test
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1 and 2:
May Day or International Worker’s Day is observed on May, 1 all over the world today to commemorate the historical struggle and sacrifices of the working people to establish an eight-hour work day. It is a public holiday in almost all the countries of the world.
Since the Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th Centuries in the Europe and the US, the workers in mills and factories had been working a long shift, fourteen or even more hours a day.
On May 1st in 1886, inspired by the trade unions, half of the workers at the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company in Chicago went on strike demanding an eight-hour work day. Two days later, a workers rally was held near the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company and about 6000 workers joined it. The rally was addressed by the labour leaders. They urged the workers to stand together, to go on with their struggle and not to give in to their bosses. At one point of the rally, some strikebreakers started leaving the meeting place. The strikers went down the street to bring them back. Suddenly about 200 policeman attacked them with clubs and revolvers. One striker was killed instantly, five or six others were seriously wounded and many others injured.
The evens of May 1, 1886 are a reminder that workers will continue to be exploited until they stand up and speak out to gain better working conditions, better pay and better lives.
- Choose the correct answer from the following alternatives:
(a) Historical means ——.
(i) traditional (ii) primitive (iii) inception (iv) historic
(b) May Day events occurred in ——- century.
(i) 17th (ii) 18th (iii) 19th (iv) 20th
(c) The policeman attacked the strikers on ——-.
(i) May 1st (ii) May 2nd (iii) May 3rd (iv) May 4th
(d) Clubs and revolvers were used upon ——.
(i) trade union leaders (ii) policeman (iii) strikers (iv) strikebreakers
(e) The worker’s demand was to ——– work time.
(i) sustain (ii) assign (iii) reduce (iv) upgrade
(f) To stop exploitation workers should not ——-.
(i) express their opinion in public
(ii) rule out any unfair conditions by their bosses
(iii) speak meekly
(iv) think of their privilege
(g) “And not to give in to their bosses.” —— What does ‘give in’ mean here?
(i) dominate (ii) refuse (iii) agree to continuing struggling
(iv) agree to stop struggling
- Answer the following questions:
(a) What does May Day commemorate?
(b) Which demand did the workers struggle for?
(c) What activities did the workers do against the authorities?
(d) What happened when the policeman attacked the strikers?
(e) Why is the event of May 1, 1886 a reminder for the workers?
- Read the following text and fill in each gap with a suitable word based on the information of the text.
Fish population is in serious danger from global warming. Climate change is increasing the water temperature in rivers, lakes and seas. This means there is less food and oxygen available for fish. It also means the fish may not grow fully and may have fewer offsprings. Some fishes will become extinct if temperatures rise even by one or two degree Celsius.
Climate change increases the pressure on fish population. Fishes are one of the world’s most valuable biological assets. Forty percent of people in the world eat fish as their main source of protein. If we fail to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, we will increase the pressure on fish. As a result, people who depend on fish will suffer from hunger and poverty.
It is (a) _____ from the passage that global warming is (b) _____ great threat for fish population. (c) _____ global warming, food production and oxygen (d) _____ in water decreases. As a result, some fish may be extinct (e) _____.
- Read the passage on Neil A. Armstrong Complete the table below with information from the passage:
Neil A. Armstrong commanded the Gemini-8 Mission and became the first human to walk on the moon as commander of Apollo 11. He was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, on August 5, 1930. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from Purdue University and a Master of Science degree from the University of Southern California. Astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins launched the mission to the moon with Apollo 11, on July 16 and landed on the moon on July 20, 1969. Neil A. Armstrong first stepped on to the surface and then Aldrin. They explored the surface and gathered moon rocks for over two hours. After exploring the surface they rejoined Collins in the orbiting mothership. Neil A. Armstrong died on August 25, 2012.
Left for the moon
20 July 1969
- Write a summary of the above passage in your own words.
- Match the parts of sentences given in Column ‘A’, ‘B’ and ‘C’ to write five complete sentences:
(a) Democracy means
(b) It allows freedom
(c) It means
(d) People elect
(e) Free and fair
(i) fair and equal
(ii) a system
(iii) of speech, religion
(iv) their representative directly
(v) election is the precondition
(i) of democracy
(ii) in a democratic country
(iii) of government
(iv) and political opinions
(v) treatment for citizens
- Put the followings parts of the story in correct order to rewrite the whole story. Only the corresponding numbers of the sentences need to be written:
(a) In the evening, a lion entered the cave.
(b) One day, he fled from his master’s house and took shelter in a cave.
(c) Once upon a time, there lived a young man named Androcles.
(d) He came near Androcles and lifted his paw.
(e) He was caught by a slave merchant who sold him to a rich man in another country.
(f) The lion seemed wounded as he was groaning.
(g) His master was very bad and inflicted heavy torture on him.
(h) He took the lion’s paw in his hand and removed a big thorn from it. The lion was relieved of his pain.